This report presents a rationale for a European Research Area that has a clear purpose which is meaningful to Europe’s citizens and political leaders and relevant to its key actors. While there is a pressing need to improve the effectiveness of the public research system, the ultimate justification of the resources and commitment needed to achieve this lies in increasing the value of the contribution that public and private sector research makes, and is seen to make, to Europe’s economic, social and environmental goals.
The central means to achieve this is to engage the research system in Europe’s response to a series of Grand Challenges which depend upon research but which also involve actions to ensure innovation and the development of markets and/or public service environments. Challenges may be rooted in economic, social or scientific goals but share a need to demonstrate their relevance at the European level, their feasibility in terms of Europe’s capability to engage with them, and a clear research dimension such that they gain the commitment of the research community and pull-through the necessary improvements in its efficiency and effectiveness.
Georghiou, L., Cassingena Harper, J., Cooke, P., Cozzens, S., Dearing, A., Henriques, L., Langer, J., Laredo, P., Sanz Menendez, L., Weber, M. and Popper, R. (2008), Challenging Europe’s Research: Rationales for the European Research Area (ERA). Report of the ERA Expert Group, European Commission, DG Research, EUR 23326 EN. Available at http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/pdf/eg7-era-rationales-final-report_en.pdf
In this comprehensive and critical Handbook, cross-cutting analytical chapters explore the emergence and positioning of foresight, common approaches and methods, organisational issues, and the scope for policy transfer and evaluation. Leading experts and practitioners contribute chapters analysing experiences in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the USA, Japan, China, Latin America, small European nations, Nordic countries and selected developing countries. The book concludes with consideration of the future of foresight itself.
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The Handbook of Technology Foresight was selected by Edward Elgar as the Book of the Month in April 2008. To purchase, go to: http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/Bookentry_Main.lasso?id=3977
SCOPE 2015 was a European Commission funded initiative aimed at producing scenarios for research and technology development cooperation with Europe. The project had three major objectives: (1) To produce scenarios for the year 2015 focused on contextualised scientific and technological developments in selected regions of emerging economies; (2) To analyse the consequences of the scenarios for Europe and European RTD policy; and (3) To provide advice to the European Union in the field of RTD policies in relation to emerging economies.
The specific focus of the SCOPE 2015 project has been on RTDI cooperation with countries from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Maghreb and Mashreq (MEDA), and Latin America (LA). All four regions are important strategic partners for the EU and for a variety of different reasons, including trade, investment, the protection of habitats and the global environment, international security and migration. RTDI can make important contributions to all of these policy areas.
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If you wish to use the information provided in this report, please quote as follows:
Georghiou, L., Keenan, M., Popper, R., Clar, G., Cassingena Harper, J., and Crehan, P. (2006) Scenarios for future scientific and technological developments in developing countries 2005-2015, European Commission.